Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a method of treatment for psychological disorders that takes a practical, task-based approach to solve problems. It is designed to help change negative thoughts and behaviors, by providing more positive and fulfilling solutions.

The focus of CBT is to address symptoms while they are present and to learn skills and techniques that can be used in the ongoing improvement of mental health.

Some forms of psychotherapy focus on looking into the past to gain an understanding of current feelings. In contrast, CBT focuses on present thoughts and beliefs.

CBT can help people with many problems where thoughts and beliefs are critical. It emphasizes the need to identify, challenge, and change how a person views a situation.

According to CBT, people’s pattern of thinking is like wearing a pair of glasses that makes us see the world in a specific way. CBT makes us more aware of how these thought patterns create our reality and determine how we behave. If people learn fearful or negative ways of thinking, they can start to think in this way automatically. CBT focuses on challenging these automatic thoughts and comparing them with reality.

If a person can change their way of thinking, their distress decreases and they can function in a way that is more likely to benefit them and those around them.

Mental health disorders that may improve with CBT include:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Phobias
  • PTSD
  • Sleep disorders
  • Eating disorders
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Substance use disorders
  • Bipolar disorders
  • Schizophrenia
  • Sexual disorders