Prescription Drug Addiction and Treatment

Prescription Drug Addiction and Treatment

When we talk about prescription drugs the first thing pop in our head is medication to support recovery from illness for most of the people it’s correct but the reality is upside down.

In the United States, fentanyl and its parallels have contributed to more

In 2018, 67,367 drug overdose deaths occurred in the United States. The age-adjusted rate of overdose deaths decreased by 4.6% from 2017 (21.7 per 100,000) to 2018 (20.7 per 100,000). Opioids—mainly synthetic opioids are currently the main cause of drug overdose deaths.

What is Prescription Drug addiction?

Addiction to Prescription Drug is a pattern of physical and emotional responses that stem from your physical dependence on opioids. As you attempt to evade withdrawal symptoms, your behaviours change unpredictably. This can have a devastating impact on the quality of your life and impact your career, friendships and family relationships.

The non-medical use of Prescription Drug and the use of heroin in North America have escalated into a crisis of overdose deaths. The opioid market has become more varied especially in the United States, where it is comprised of a combination of internationally regulated substances (e.g. heroin) and prescription medicines, diverted from the legal market or produced as counterfeit medicines. These counterfeited medicines contain fentanyl and fentanyl analogues, as well as non-opioid substances such as derivatives of benzodiazepine and methylphenidate. Most of the fentanyl recently seized in the United States has been of non-pharmaceutical origin. The pills and powders containing such substances sold on the illicit market pose a threat to public health because of the variable quantity and potency of the active components, which in severe cases, such as with carfentanil, maybe thousands of times more potent than morphine. Such products can prove particularly dangerous when sold in the street together with heroin or as counterfeit prescription drugs, without the user’s knowledge.

Prescription Drugs addiction usually exhibit symptoms as

  • Restricted breathing
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Obscured vision
  • Itching
  • Euphoria
  • Mellowness
  • Drowsiness
  • Constipation
  • Vomiting

Trauma-related to poor coordination

In a survey accomplished in 2015, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) observed that 18.9 million Americans aged 12 or older misused prescription drugs in the previous year. About 1% of Americans aged 12 and older had a prescription drug disorder.

Some of the most used prescription drugs are:

Oxycodone (OxyContin)
Oxycodone is generally sold under the brand name OxyContin.

Codeine
Codeine is typically prescribed to deal with mild to moderate pain.

Fentanyl
Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid. It’s prescribed for acute and chronic pain, typically in cancer treatment.

Meperidine (Demerol)

Meperidine is a  Central nervous system (CNS) depressants also called tranquillizers and have a calming effect.

Alprazolam (Xanax)

Alprazolam is a benzodiazepine. It’s prescribed to treat anxiety and panic conditions.

Clonazepam (Klonopin) and diazepam (Valium)

They’re managed to treat anxiety and panic disorders and seizures.

Amphetamine and Methylphenidate (Ritalin)

These are CNS stimulants; used to treat attention deficiency hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.

Prescription Drug Addiction Treatment

Prescription drug addiction can be dealt with by traditionally two ways one is medication second one personalised sessions with the focus of behavioural improvement.

The medication to treat prescription drug addiction requires highly skilled supervision as it usually comes with painful relapses if any misconduct occurred. As we know the fentanyl has been used in pain management and it’s rooted very deeply. Only a few methods to treat the addiction-related to fentanyl showed promising results in modern-day perspective cause it usually tends to be a cognitive and behavioural issue.

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