Cocain Addiction Treatment

Cocain Addiction Treatment

COCAINE is an ALKALOID drug found in the leaves of the coca plant, the common name of a shrub, Erythroxylon coca, of the coca family. Whole or powdered dried leaves, usually mixed with lime. Cocaine was first used in Western medicine as a local anaesthetic. Cocaine is a local anaesthetic, particularly for the nose, throat, and cornea, because of its potency in depressing nerve endings. This has been largely replaced by less harmful, synthetic local anaesthetics. Used systemically, cocaine stimulates the central nervous system, stimulating false impressions of excitation, elation, well-being, enhanced physical strength and mental capacity, and a lessened sense of fatigue. It also results, however, it increases in heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature, and its use can result in death. Cocaine usually smoked in a unique pipe, it produces an extreme euphoria as it is quickly absorbed from the lungs and carried by the blood directly to the brain.

In 2013, cocaine-related disorders reached 6% of all admissions to drug abuse treatment programs. The prevalence of individuals (68% who seek treatment for cocaine use smoke crack and are prone to be polydrug users, meaning they use more than one substance.36 Those who provide treatment for cocaine use should understand that drug addiction is a complex disease involving modifications in the brain as well as a wide extent of social, household, and other environmental aspects; therefore, treatment of cocaine addiction must address this wide context as well as any other co-occurring mental disorders that require additional behavioural or pharmacological interventions.

Symptoms

The symptoms of cocaine abuse will differ depending upon the extent of the addiction, the dose used, frequency of abuse, and biological dependence upon the drug. The most accepted symptoms of cocaine abuse include the following:

Mood symptoms:

  • Euphoria
  • Petulance
  • Restlessness

Behavioural symptoms:

  • Failure to meet responsibilities at work, school, or home
  • Strained interpersonal relationships
  • Abrupt high levels of energy and excitement

Physical symptoms:

  • Nosebleeds
  • Gastric ulcers
  • Perforation of stomach or small bowel
  • Degrading sexual function
  • Incapacity to smell
  • Dilated pupils
  • Chronic, runny nose

Psychological symptoms:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoia
  • Psychosis
  • Extremely violent behavior

Treatment and Withdrawal Symptoms

Cocaine addiction mainly has two branches

  1. Pharmacological Intervention
  2. Behavioral

In pharmacological approach the addicted individuals are given a precisely supervised dose of vaccine that stimulates the immune system to build cocaine-specific antibodies that bind to cocaine, preventing it from getting into the brain and reduce the dependence gradually. Due to its potent chemical compositions cocaine addiction treatment is highly susceptible to the risk of relapse with withdrawal symptoms as  below

  • Trouble concentrating
  • Hindered thinking, activity or physical fatigue after activity
  • Restlessness
  • Inability to experience sexual arousal
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Inclination to self-harm
  • chills, tremors, muscle aches, and nerve pain
  • Increased craving for cocaine and food

Behavioral Application to lessen the dependency on cocaine has been proving crucial and fruitful. Many behavioral treatments for cocaine addiction have validated to be important in both residential and outpatient settings. Indeed, behavioral therapies are often the most effective treatments for many drug problems, comprising stimulant addictions. However, the integration of behavioral and pharmacological treatments have been proven most effective approach.

 

The Luminous Care offers Detox-program and a vast variety of cutting-edge pharmacological and behavioural practices run by the experts who understand the complications and the value of your efforts to get back to life in whole.