While many prescription drugs are highly beneficial for a variety of health problems, the abuse of prescription drugs can pose serious health risks, and, in some cases, addiction. The most commonly are opioids (used to treat pain), central nervous system depressants (used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders), and stimulants (used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy).
Abuse of prescription drugs increases the risk of overdose. The risk of side effects when abusing prescription drugs is increased because abusers often take improper doses or change the route of administration flood the system with large amounts of drugs all at once. In addition, prescription drugs are accompanied by their own set of side effects, but abusers often take them in combination with other substances, like alcohol or other drugs, which may increase the side effects and can potentially be fatal.
Chronic abuse of prescription drugs causes physical dependence, tolerance, and, eventually, addiction. Similar to the abuse of illicit drugs, physical dependence of prescription drugs will result in withdrawal symptoms if use of the drugs is abruptly reduced or stopped. At TLC (The Luminous Care) we take into account the type of drug and the needs of the individual. Successful treatment programs may include detoxification, behavioral counselling and interventions to ease withdrawal symptoms and lower the chances for relapse.